With the world redrawn after World War II, people were once again on the move, desperate to improve their circumstances. In Hungary, in the aftermath of 1956’s Hungarian Revolution, refugees escaped Communist oppression and arrived in Baltimore. Many were survivors of the Holocaust and were escaping persecuation for a second time. To help them learn the language and find employment, the APGB launched “Operation English,” with “practically every member of the agency’s board involved in the teaching-tutoring project,” according to the agency’s president J. Leo Levy, Jr. Within a short period of time, APGB succeeded in finding employment for members of all 25 newly arrived Hungarian families.“
Communism also affected Jews in Cuba, who faced economic strife as the Communist government seized their businesses and property. Many immigrated to the United States, including Baltimore, where they were forced to rebuild their lives from nothing.
Egyptian Jewish refugees, fleeing Egypt after the Yom Kippur War in 1973, faced a similar fate, as they arrived in the United States without resources or connections. Various agencies of The Associated supplied services, including the Jewish Family and Children’s Bureau, which contributed clothing, furniture and other necessities, and the Hebrew Free Loan Association, which offered interest-free loans for housing.
The promise of new suburban housing, spacious lawns and new schools, coupled with discriminatory housing practices that prevented Jews from living in certain neighborhoods, shaped the migration to northwest Baltimore in the second half of the century. In 1959 the JCC was built on Park […]
Baltimore’s earliest Jewish immigrants–mainly from Germany and then from Russia and Eastern Europe–primarily settled in Fells Point, South Baltimore and East Baltimore, where they established homes, business, schools and synagogues. East Baltimore quickly became one of Baltimore’s first distinctly Jewish communities. And that’s where the […]
After the war, as Communism spread, Jews living in Cuba had their livelihoods and possessions stripped by Fidel Castro’s new regime. Many of them had been refugees from Nazi Germany and were forced to flee their homes for a second or third time. In the […]
It was 1945 and the European Jewish community was devastated. Millions had been killed by the Nazi regime and those who had survived its atrocities were desperate for help. In Baltimore, the local office of HIAS, which had been working before and during the war […]
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